Microbes are omnipresent and indispensable to human life. Interactions of microbes involved in soil, environment, food, fermentation, medical, or agriculture have been studied using modern techniques. Genome sequence of important genes of microbes, plants, human beings or animals are being studied and they can be manipulated in desired direction paving way for newer technologies and applications. New antibiotics and vaccines are being produced. Modulation of plant-microbes has led to soil preservation techniques, better plant health and optimal crop productivity. Great emphasis is also being given on integrated use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides along with biofertilizers, biopesticides and biocontrol agents for sustaining modern agriculture. Some of these are commercially available and being used by the farmers. Increased attention has been directed towards use of microorganisms (bioremediation) for wastewater treatment and management of industrial effluents including distillery waste, textile industries and paper industries. Genetic improvement of strains can be explored in future for the production of biofuels. Use of recombinant microorganisms for industrial production of useful compounds has reached at commercial levels.

All these technological developments have paved way to a tremendous rise in job opportunities for microbiologists in various industrial sectors including pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, fertilizers, food products, government setups for environment protection, hospitals, research institutes, pathology labs to mention a few. The curriculum and syllabus, of MSc (Microbiology) course at RK University, have been designed to encompass basic as well as applied knowledge of microbiology to produce industry-ready and employable microbiologists capable of availing promising professional carrier in life.